Editorial Policy and Publication Ethics

Editorial Policy and Publication Ethics

Universal Academic Services strive to ensure high-quality publication of documents emanating from rigorous studies and valid ideas that should confer deserved credit on authors. To this end, our activities are guided by the following policies and ethical considerations:

i) Authorship

Authors of manuscripts submitted to any of our journals are presumed to have contributed significantly to the work by way of planning or design, data collection/analysis and drafting of the manuscript. They are all expected to read and approve the final version before submission, considering the accuracy or integrity of the work. Contact information of all authors (including surname and other names, affiliation, emails, and phone/fax numbers) should be provided on the manuscript. Changes may be made to the authorship at any time during review provided the corresponding or first author makes a request to the Editor.

ii) Conflict of interest

(i) Authors: Any conflict of interest should be clearly declared in the manuscript, including all financial/relevant interest that may have influenced the preparation of the manuscript.

(ii) Reviewers/Editors: Our reviewers should disclose any conflict of interest and possibly decline the review of any manuscript they consider to have a conflict of interest. Our Editors will also refrain from considering any manuscript that may have conflict of interest.

iii)  Confidentiality

Universal Academic Services do not disclose submitted manuscript to anyone except those directly involved in the processing and preparation of the accepted manuscript for publication. These persons include editorial staff, corresponding authors, potential reviewers and editors. If misconduct is suspected, we will take necessary action to resolve it as promptly and ethically as possible.


iv) Peer review

Manuscripts submitted to any our journals are subjected to blind peer review to assist our editors reach a decision on an article and help the author(s) to improve the manuscript.

v) Editors and Editorial Boards

Editors are solely responsible for making final decisions on a manuscript.
Our editorial board is composed of experienced experts in relevant fields consistent with a journal’s aims and scope; members have at least a Ph.D. We welcome application for board membership from interested persons who should submit their resume by email to the editor. Membership is updated from time to time to keep the board constantly active.


vi) Misconduct

Misconduct constitutes violation of journal policies and publication ethics. Any other activity that threatens or compromises the integrity of the research/publication process is a potential misconduct and will be investigated and resolved according to standard practice.

Vii) Correction and retraction of articles

Universal Academic Services allow corrections to a published article subject to authorization by the editor of the journal. Our editors usually determine the extent of the corrections; minor corrections may be made directly to the original article. For manuscripts requiring major revisions, only the satisfactorily revised version will be published.

 Authors are allowed to withdraw their submitted manuscripts for whatever reason by writing to the Editor at any time between submission and final decision on the acceptability or otherwise of the manuscript. Only the corresponding or First author may request the withdrawal of the manuscript. Authors withdrawing after a paper is accepted for publication or published must bear the full publication costs.


viii) Plagiarism and duplicate submissions

The use of another person’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own without due acknowledgement  is completely acceptable to Universal Academic Services. Therefore, submitted manuscripts should be the original works of the author(s). Also, duplicate publication is discouraged completely. It is unethical for authors to submit the same manuscript to more than one journal within UAS or other journals simultaneously. This also covers manuscripts originating from the same data presented in such a way that significant differences are not discernable from the manuscripts. If authors have used their own previously published work or work that is currently under review as part of a submitted manuscript, they should cite the previous work and justify how their submitted manuscript offers new information beyond those contained in the previous work. Submission of the same or similar manuscript in different languages to different journals is also unethical.

ix) Fabrication and falsification of data

Manipulation, falsification and fabrication of data is a major violation of publication ethics. Authors are strongly advised to avoid this situation.

x) Manipulation of citations

Authors are encouraged to use only citations that are relevant to their manuscripts. Submission of manuscripts with citations primarily aimed to boost the number of citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal is unethical and unacceptable.


** Any submitted manuscript that runs counter to our editorial policies or publishing ethics, will be immediately released without further consideration. In extreme cases, we will prohibit authors from new submissions to any journal published by Universal Academic Services for at least 24 months.